What is Neurofeedback?

Brain waves and deregulation

Whether we are deep asleep or engage in a very demanding task our brains always produce a range of electric/electromagnetic waves, that are measured in a unit is called Hertz. In the table below you can see the range of brainwaves and how each one of them corresponds to a state of being ranging from deep sleep to intense learning.


Brainwaves explained


The brain has its own feedback mechanism that provides information so when we stop a very demanding task it can return to back to a more relaxed state and vice versa. This feedback mechanism is a form of an automatic regulatory system ,(imagine something similar to a car’s automatic gearbox that adjusts the power in the engine depending the circumstances) that works most of the time and can regulate our brain waves which in their turn regulate our state of being ( behaviour, thoughts, emotions and body sensations. One could say a well functioning person is one that has a very good ability to regulate themselves. However, some of us, have at times or permanently a difficulty to regulate ourselves because our feedback mechanisms in the brain do not work well (due to various causes…?) When the brain’s regulatory mechanism does not work properly we cannot receive feedback that for example we have now finished writing the exam and there is not need anymore to continue to be in a HiBeta/hyperactive state (see table above); without our brain having this information cannot regulate itself so it can now return to an Alpha/relaxed state and therefore continues to stay in the hyperactive/anxious state. This state of brain dysregulation is often behind the symptoms of various conditions such as ADHD, autistic spectrum disorders,, depression,, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorders, bipolar and personality disorders, anger, migraines,epilepsy fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue and post-cancer cognitive impairment (‘chemo-brain’).

Regulation and neuroplasticity

Brain dysregulation can be remedied via the process of neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity is the process whereby the brain has the ability to reorganize and change itself by forming new neuronal connections throughout life; in simple terms, our brains have the ability to “repair” themselves and grow as the same happened to our muscles in our body. Below is short video that explains the process of neuroplasticity.

The Neurofeedback solution

So, this is where neurofeedback comes in, as it helps to retrain the brain waves, by providing valuable real time feedback of the electric brain signals which then allows the brain to use this information to learn how to self-regulate, repair neuronal connections and to finally work in an optimum level.

What happens during a neurofeedback session

What happens during a neurofeedback session

Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback, is a non-drug treatment, and belongs to a group of therapies called biofeedback. Neurofeedback works on the principle that if a person can see his or her brain functions in real time, s/he can learn to control them.The goal of neurofeedback is to train the brain to regulate itself, and to help the person training to understand when their brain is in the desired state (e.g relaxed or engaged) Eventually, the person can control these processes without being monitored. The feedback is given based on sensors which are placed on the head and that measure brain activity by observing electrical signals/brain waves ( a process that is called electroencephalography, or EEG) while the person is engaging in a cognitive task (e.g watching a video or playing a game) . For instance, someone with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) may not be aware of when their brain is in a focused state, or recognize when their mind is wandering. During the neurofeedback training, they can see exactly when their mind is wandering in real time, and learn how to return their focus to the activity at hand.Using neurofeedback, the brain learns to regulate its activity by playing games, watching videos or listening to music as part of a training program. Over time, the ability to control the brain waves can be applied in real world situations, for instance, by helping them relax in stressful situations, or concentrate during class

Neurofeedback is a safe and effective brain training technique The sensors do nothing to your brain except monitor brainwaves! They do not “transfer” take any energy or electricity to your brain. They simply measure (brainwaves) and give you feedback!

Neurofeedback is a form of therapy, not a medication, and therefore is non-invasive and has no negative side effects. The electrodes simply monitor brain waves using EEG, and the client receives feedback instantly based on the EEG readings. Like every form of training , neurofeedback requires regular practice. Most studies have found that people start seeing improvements after 5-10 sessions, and a full course of treatment is usually between 30 and 40 sessions, with each session lasting anything between 24 to 40 minutes. Studies have shown (see here and here) that after completing a complete neurofeedback program, people experienced improvements which lasted years.unlike medication which only works whilst it is being taken, regular Neurofeedback training can provide lasting benefits. This is because Neurofeedback brain training provides the brain with the feedback it needs to make permanent corrections itself, contrary to medication that simply controls the symptoms.

How can Neurofeedback help?


Neurofeedback can help with recovery from long-term stress, improve mood, sleep and energy levels, as well as aiding with personal development in all aspects of one's life. It can help children, teenagers and adults improve their brain functions and can help significantly reduce or resolve/eradicate symptoms and difficulties related to attention, hyperactivity, brain injuries, learning difficulties, stress, trauma, depression, among others. Most importantly, neurofeedback can also be used to aid children’s and teenagers development and learning skills and help them reduce behavioural difficulties, such as erratic or disruptive behaviour.


Children and adults diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Dissorders, Asperegrs Syndrome, Attention Dirorders such as ADD & ADHD, and those with learning disabilities can be greatly benefited from neurofeedback therapy in particular in areas of focus attention, concentration, anger and irritability. Neurofeedback can also yield great results in instances of social anxiety as it can help lessen fear around social situations and at the same time important social skills, with the result on better relationships for either people at the autism spectrum or anyone that might experience difficulties with social interactions and relationships due to shyness or low self esteem..

+ Traumatic Brain Injuries & Memory

People that have suffered Traumatic Brain Injuries due to accidents or stroke can also use neurofeedback to help them repair and rebuild their brains and regain cognitive and emotional abilities that might have lost and improve significantly their memory and attention, and focus.


Symptoms of personality and bipolar disorders such as mood changes, anxiety, hupervigival/activity, anger and irritability can be effective treatment with as Neurofeedback trains the brain to come to a state of balance and therefore emotional regulation and resilience becomes possible.

+ PTSD,PsychoTrauma,Addictions

In PTSD, Developmental Trauma, and all kinds of psychological trauma, Neurofeedback therapy along with Trauma informed psychotherapy can offer relief from post-traumatic symptoms, such as hypervigilance, panic attacks, dissociation, fear, anger and most importantly to help break the cycle of many addictions (alcohol,substance,sex,) that are often the result of early life psychological trauma. Neurofeedback offers the possibility to release trauma the brain and the body , and overcome the symptoms without having to talk about what happend or , explore in detail and relive the traumatic event(s)

+ Chronic Fatigue & Sleep Isssues

Neurofeedback training has been found to be effective in alleviating the symptoms of Chronic fatigue Synderome (CFS), or Chronic Fatigue Immune Deficiency Syndrome (CFIDS). It can help lessen or eliminate symptoms of depression, cognitive deficits, memory and concentration problems, sleep disturbances, and chronic pain such as headaches that are typically associated with CFS. As a result ofNeurofeedback,people that suffer from fatigue can an see an imporvemengt in their cognitive abilities, a reduction of confusion and "brian fog" at the same time experience increased energy levels and vigor, that leas to sigificanlty btter quality fo life . Many After an intila course of treamnt people have have found the enegry to retun gain to full-time productive woork. More informaiton about studies documettign the effiency of Neurofedback on chronicn fatigue can be found [here][1]

Neurofeedback can also be very effective in treatment of sleep difficulties such as insomnia, as it can address the underlying overactivation of the nervous system due to stress, and to subsequently help restore natural sleep rhythms. This on itself leads also to better quality and more restorative/deeper sleep that rests both brain and body and can help overcome chronic issue of fatigue.

+ fibromyalgia,migraines, IBS,tinnitus

A cluster of issues such as fibromyalgia,migraines, IBS, and most importantly tinnitus (ringing in the ears), can be traten effective with neurofeedback sabilty to help the brain and the nervous system to return to a calmer state and lessen stress that often fuels the above conditions.


Emotional balance and resilience is of paramount importance for good bodymind and spirit health, and for growth on a personal and professional level. When one is on a state of emotional imbalance and does not have good emotional resilience, and might be experiencing a range of negative emotional states such as stress, anger, fear, worry, dissociation, self-sabotage or depression; agitation, impulsivity, anxiety, panic attacks, low self-esteem, lack of drive and motivation, or poor concentration. If one stays in the above state (s) for too long then it is difficult to maintain equilibrium and flexibility in the face of challenge and change, and negative thinking and feeling patterns set it that can often lead to inappropriate behaviors and reactivity that affect our relationships and impair our ability to be at our best. Neurofeedback, trains the brain to regain equilibrium that allows us to how to break out of these involuntary habitual states, giving us the ability a shift back into our natural, contented state – with greater happiness and resilience in whatever circumstances we face..


Any person can use neurofeedback to train their brains so they can reach their fullest potential no matter what circumstances they face. Peak performers have excellent abilities of concentration, motivation along with the ability to handle their emotions efficiently during high-pressure situations; neurofeedback helps train one’s brains to excel in these functions, improving cognitive functioning and emotional stability. Neurofeedback is increasingly becoming a preferred method of training for self-development among outstanding performers and highly successful people. It can improve high performers’ ability to handle demanding and high pressure situations, and achieve greater cognitive and emotional resilience and endurance.


in business, corporate executives, finance people (hedge fund managers) can increase their emotional intelligence which it turns that enhances leadership skills and improves decision making, to better manage their time more effectively. Neurofeedback can also help with mitigating the effects of stress and enhancing resilience allowing, therefore, an increase in productivity .


in academia, students and professors are using Neurofeedback it to enhance their focus, improve their cognitive and emotional intelligence, and most importantly to help them stay motivated and write (can we make it found a bit better about writing?) .


in sports, Professional athletes Olympians, use neurofeedback to help them be ‘in the zone’, tune out distractions during key moments, and to increase processing speed and focus their attention and channel their energies on the task at hand. There also a lot of football and rugby clubs that use neurofecabck to help them train better and become more efficient in their games.


in arts, neurofeedback enhances creativity and expressiveness, while at the same time provides the ability to keep focusing.


in medicine, surgeons use neurofeedback it to improve concentration and stability of movements under pressure, while it also helps them to reduce performance anxiety.


Neurofeedback can help meditators achieve deeper states of consicunses by increasing their ability to concentrate and focus.

+ Musical Performance

Musicians use neurofeedback to improve their musical performance and to reduce performance anxiety by stress and promoting a state of “flow’’ that allows them to increase significantly the quality of their playing.

Is Neurofeedback effective ?

There is a wealth of scientific studies that document neurofeedback effectiveness with various conditions, as it has been used by clienicilsn for more than forty years. It is at least puzzling and also suspicious (pharma companies) that all those times there has not been more publicity and information available about the potential benefits of neurofeedback.

“the literature, which lacks any negative study of substance, suggests that EEG biofeedback therapy should play a major therapeutic role in many difficult areas. In my opinion, if any medication had demonstrated such a wide spectrum of efficacy, it would be universally accepted and widely used.”

Frank Duffy, MD, Neurologist, Harvard Medical School Professor

Please clink on the button below in order to access a document with a compilation of scientific studies that document neurofeedback can help with a wide range of conditions.


The Life Academy + Myndlift

In my continuous search for increasing the effectiveness of my work and offering the best possible treatment I have collaborated with Myndlift in order to offer Neurofeedback to as many people as possible. Myndlift has revolutionised neurofeedback by make it accessible as it can be done remotely from the comfort of your own home. Traditionally, neurofeedback required frequent visits to a clinic, making it costly and time consuming. Thanks to recent technological advancements in the field, I am excited to offer Myndlift, an easy-to-use, effective , home neurofeedback system. Myndlift, has a Remote Therapist Guidance function that allows me as therapist to personally oversee your assessment and training program, via the internet and help you achieve results by offering continuous guidance . By creating a custom program tailored to your needs which can help your brain regulate itself, simply by playing a game or watching a video in the comfort of your own home.

neurofeedback home-online system.jpg

Online-Home Training

Neurofeedback as with all from of training the more you practice/train the more your achieve. The minimum recommendation is to train at least 3 times per week for at least 16 weeks. Each session ranges from 24 to 40 minutes (depending on your circumstances). Every few sessions, you complete a symptoms questionnaire that tracks your progress. We measure symptom progress via the online symptom tracking tool. This provides a quantified assessment of symptom progress. If this is levelling off it can indicate that training effects are reaching their limit and it is time to stop or pause. If symptoms are still reducing in severity additional sessions will bring more benefits also have 15 minutes consultations over the phone or online with me in order to clarify things and to make sure that you are training in the right way.


Our first session is can be either face-to-face or online. During this session we will discuss your symptoms and the areas you would like to improve and you will also have the chance to ask me any questions that you might have about Neurofeddback. I will explain to you how Myndlift works and will also also saw to you the different parts of the system ( see photo on the left), while I will also give you clear instructions about to use the home neurofeedback system. When you decide to go ahead, I will ask you to complete a comprehensive assessment of symptoms and medical history. This will help me to form a complete picture of your background, your difficulties and your aspirations. Following this I will create a neurofeedback program tailored to your needs. At the end of the appointment i will give you to take home the neurofeedback kit or post it to you.


Cost-effective: Save money and time by renting a home training unit. Convenience: The mobile system consists of a headband, an electrode and a tablet. You can train anywhere with an internet connection. Family training: Multiple family members can train on the same device. Results: you can train many times per week enabling you to experience the benefits quicker. Engaging: eight different training modes including the ability to train by watching Youtube videos or listening to music.

NEUROFEEDBACK IS a safe and EFFECTIVE TREATMENT that can help children, youngsters and adults heal themselves and to ACHIEVE PEAK PERFORMANCE. I offer NEUROFEEDBACK in EDINBURGH and ONLINE in the comfort of your own home.